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Simon Rose's 
Editing Glossary.

R is for:

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Real time fx Post production fx that can be produced instantly, without rendering time.
 
Reversal film Camera film stock that produces a positive image, when processed. (There is no negative)

Another reversal stock is CRI (colour reversal intermediate) that can be used to make a duplicate negative in one generation instead of the usual two (interpos, interneg).

 
Reverse angle Shot using a complimentary angle to the one it has to cut with (see eyeline).
 
Rostrum camera Camera suspended over motorised table, that can be programmed to produce precise pans, spins, cranes and yaws for filming photos, artwork and other flat objects.
A Motion Control Rig is a more elaborate version of the above, that can also film 3D objects.
 
Rubber Numbers Also known as 'MOY numbers' or 'ink numbers'. Numbers printed onto the work print and magnetic film track, after they have been synced-up, so that its easy to keep track of which sound syncs with which picture, when editing on film.

For editing film on computer Avid Film Composers keep track of rubber numbers, so that the assistant editor can conform a work print for viewings with a projector on a big screen. (it's a good idea to do this before you neg cut, because pacing looks very different).

 
Rules There are lots of rules; 'Don't cross the line!', 'Don't cut on pans' etc etc. Of course they are all made to be broken, but it sometimes helps to know them first.

It could be argued that the creative part of editing is finding interesting ways of breaking the rules, and making it look deliberate.